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Uncapped honey fermenting in the comb

To produce honey, bees collect nectar from flowers and add enzymes from their honey stomachs. Once the mixture is stored in cells, the bees fan it with their wings until it dehydrates to a moisture content of about 16 to 18.5 percent. If the moisture content is higher than that, the bees simply won’t cap […] Read more

Honeydew: waste management in the insect world

Honeydew is a sweet sticky substance, high in sugars and amino acids, that is excreted by various insects, including aphids, leafhoppers, and some scale insects. These insects puncture the phloem vessels in certain plants in order to eat the sap. But because sap contains low amounts of the compounds necessary to build proteins, the insects […] Read more