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How much pesticide in commercial foundation?

A reader in Maryland was told by a master beekeeper that 1) there are fewer chemicals in purchased foundation than previously thought and 2) foundationless hives have just as many chemicals as hives containing purchased foundation. She doubted these gems of wisdom and wanted to know if I’d seen any research supporting these claims. First […] Read more

What is a wired frame?

Beekeepers who use Langstroth-style equipment and preformed beeswax foundation often wire their frames. You’ve probably noticed that the side bars of these frames have a series of holes punched through them. These holes are used to guide and support the wire as it goes back and forth across the interior of the frame. The purpose […] Read more