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Hydroxymethylfurfural in sugar syrup

Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is a naturally-occurring organic acid with the formula C6H6O3. It is often formed during the dehydration of sugars, especially fructose, and is known to be toxic to honey bees. Much has been written during the past few years about the occurrence of HMF in high-fructose corn syrup* (HFCS), but that is certainly not […] Read more

Wednesday word file: fructose

Fructose is a naturally-occurring monosaccharide (simple sugar) also known as “fruit sugar.” It is the sweetest of all the naturally-occurring carbohydrates, and it is the sugar most easily dissolved in water. Fructose is the principal component of most honey and is responsible for keeping honey from crystallizing. Fructose can bind with another simple sugar, glucose, […] Read more

Hydroxymethylfurfural is not good for bees

Hydroxymethylfurfural is the main reason that high-fructose corn syrup is not good for bees. Also known as HMF, hydroxymethylfurfural is a chemical that forms when high-fructose corn syrup is heated. It is known to damage honey bees by causing ulceration of the gut. Lately it has become one of the suspects in the deaths of […] Read more